1. I am the Lord your God: You shall not have strange gods before me.
The first commandment summons man to believe in God, to hope in him and to love him above all else and to love your neighbor as yourself. There is no other commandment greater than this.
2. You shall not take the name of the Lord your God in vain
The second commandment forbids every improper use
of God's name, for the name of the Lord is holy
3. Remember the Sabbath day to keep it holy
The institution of a day of rest helps all to be allowed sufficient rest and leisure to cultivate their family, cultural, social
and religious lives.
4. Honor your father and your mother
God has willed that, after him, we should honor our parents and those whom he has vested with authority for our good
5. You shall not kill
Every human life, from the moment of conception until death, is sacred because the human person has been willed in the image and likeness of the living and holy God
6. You shall not commit adultery
The covenant of matrimony, which spouses have freely entered into, entails faithful love, It imposes on them the obligation to keep their marriage indissoluble
7. You shall not steal
The seventh commandment forbids theft. Theft is the taking possesion of another's goods against the reasonable
will of the owner
8. You shall not bear false witness against your neighbor
Lying consists in saying what is false with the intention of deceiving the neighbor who has the right to know the truth
9. You shall not covet your neighbor's wife
The ninth commandment warns against lust or desires of the flesh. The struggle against lust involves purifying the heart and practicing temperance
10. You shall not covet your neighbor's goods
The last commandment forbids greed and the desire to amass earthly goods without limit. Envy is sadness at the sight of another's goods and the excessive desire to have them for oneself
The Lord said to Moses, "Come up to me on the mountain and, while you are there, I will give you the stone tablets on which I have written the commandments intended for their instructions." Ex 24: 12
Moses in the Sinai Desert. 1445 BC
"Amen, I say to you, until heaven and earth pass away, not the smallest letter or the smallest part of a letter will pass from the law, until all things have taken place. Therefore, whoever breaks one of the least of these commandments and teaches others to do so will be called least in the kingdom of heaven." Mt 5:18-19
Jesus teaching about the Law
The Ten Commandments were handed down to mankind to remind them of the essential duties and inherent rights that were implanted into the hearts of human life during their creation.
The ethical rules of humanity.