Jesus impowers the apostles to have authority over demons and to cure the sick
Jesus started his ministry after John the Baptist was arrested. He came to Galilee proclaiming the Gospel of God. "This is the time of fulfillment. The kingdom of God is at hand. Repent and believe in the Gospel." Mk 1:15
As Jesus was walking along the Sea of Galilee in Bethsaida, he saw two brothers, Simon who is called Peter, and his brother Andrew, casting a net into the sea. He said to them, "Come after me and I will make you fishers of men." At once they dropped their nets and followed him. Mt 4:18-20
He walked along from there and saw two more brothers, James and John, who were in a boat mending their nets with their father Zebedee. He called to them and they also immediately left their boat and their father and followed Jesus. Mt 4:21-22
Once again he went out along the sea. All the crowds came to him and he taught them. As he passed by, he saw Levi, son of Alphaeus, sitting at the custom post. He said to him, "Follow me." And he got up and followed him. Mk 2:13-14.
He went up the mountain and summoned those whom he wanted and they came to him. He appointed twelve that they might be with him and he might send them forth to preach and to have authority to drive out demons. Mk 3:13-15.
He is also called Simon. He became the leader of the christian church after the death of Jesus and he was martyred in Rome around 80 AD by the Roman Emperer Nero.
Painting by Peter Paul Rubens depicting Peter as Pope.
Peter's brother. He may have preached along the Black Sea and the Volga river in Russia. He founded the See of Byzantium (Constantinople). He was martyred by crucifixion on the "X" cross and his relics are in the Church of St Andrew at Patras, Greece.
Icon By Yoan from Gabrovo, Bulgaria. 16th century.
The son of Zebedee, he is also known as James the Greater. It is believed he preached in Spain and is buried there in Santiaga De Compostela. He is also remembered in the Armenian Cathedral of St James in Jerusalem, where a small shrine marks the purported burial place of his head.
The second son of Zebedee. The youngest of the apostles, he was the only one who remained with Jesus during his crucifixion. Jesus asked John to care for his mother after his death and he did up until she died in AD 56. John was exiled to the island of Patmos by the Romans, where he is attributed with writing the Book of Revelation. He is also credited with the forth Gospel and three Epistles. He died a natural death around AD 100.
He came from Bethsaida, Galilee and served as a link to the Greek community. Phillip was tested by Jesus in how to feed the 5000 in John's Gospel. He is commonly listed as the fifth apostle and it is believed that he was later crucified on a cross placed upside down.
Painting by Peter Paul Rubens at Museo Del Prado, Madrid
He is also calld Nathaniel. Early on he questioned the small town origin of Jesus by asking "Can anyting good come out of Nazareth." Jesus immediately characterized him as "Here is a man in whom there is no deception." He served as a missionary in India and is also reputed to have brought christianity to Armenia in the 1st century.
St Bartholomew with St John. Painting by Dosso Dossi
The son of Alphaesusis also known as James the Lesser. There is little mention of James in the New Testament and it is unclear what his relationship was with St James the Great, son of Zebedee. Both are remembered in the Armenian Cathedral of St James in Jerusalem.
Statue of St James at the Church of Mafra Palace, Portugal
He is also called Labbaeus or Thaddeus. According to eastern tradition he preached in Judea, Syria, Mesopotamia and libya. It is believed he was martyred in AD 65 in Beirut and later his body was brought to Rome and placed in St. Peter's Bacilica. Accordng to popular tradition, the remains of St. Jude were preserved in an Armenian monestary on an island in the northern part of Issyk-Kul Lake.
Also known as the Zealot, he is one of the most obscure of the apostles. He is listed in the Synoptic Gospels that list the apostles. One tradition says that he traveled to the Middle East and Africa and that he was sawed in half in Suanir, Persia. Another claims that he died peacefully at Edessa.
St Simon on glass window in Church in Vojnik, Solvenia
Also called Levi, son of Alphaeus. Jesus incited the Jews when he had supper with Levi, who was a tax collector. The Pharisees accused Jesus of associating with tax collectors and sinners. Jesus replied "Those who are healhy do not need a physician, but the sick do. I have come not to call the righteous to repentance but sinners." Lk5:31. Matthew is attributed with writing the first Gospel.
Often referred as "doubting Thomas" because he would not believe that Jesus had returned from the dead until he put his fingers in his wounds. He became a fervent missionary who traveled east through Syria and Iran and down into southern India where he converted many to Christianity.
Sculpture at the St Thomas Roman Catholic Church in Hyde Park, Chicago
He betrayed Jesus in the Garden of Gethsemane for thirty pieces of silver. He later repented and then hanged himself.
The kiss of Judas by Gustave Dore
The other apostles cast lots and Matthias was selected to take the place of Judas as the twelfth apostle. After that, little is known about him. He may have preached the Gospel in Judea and in modern day Georgia and was crucified in Colchis. Others say he preached to barbarians and meat eaters in Ethiopia. He died in Sebastopolis and was buried near the Temple of the Sun.
St Matthias - Workshop of Simone Martini
Apostle - One of an authoritative New Testament group sent out to preach the gospel and made up especially of Christ's original disciples